What to Look For in a Special Education Attorney

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There are two basic ways that a special education attorney can best assist you when trying to access the proper services that your special needs child is entitled to through the public school system. A special education attorney can advise and assist you, as needed, during the IEP development phase. Additionally, the special education attorney can act as your representative during IEP meetings.

School districts are often dealing with budget cuts which can impact the services your special needs child can access. If you feel like the school and/or school district are not responsive to your concerns, legal representation is certainly an effective and sometimes necessary strategy.

However, a special education attorney has specific expertise that can mean the difference between achieving the desired results and throwing away good money. Finding a qualified special needs attorney is the first step in securing the services vital to your child’s academic growth and advancement.

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Begin With Referrals

The best place to locate a reputable professional will be from recommendations within your network. Talk to other parents in your community who’ve had success working with a qualified special education attorney. Obviously, you want to do your own due diligence to confirm that any referrals are currently in the same field of practice and in good standing in their profession. If a parent has successfully worked through special education issues in the school or district, then they may already have experience working with a special education attorney.

A personal referral will be able to give you a first hand report of the attorney’s ability in their case. You’ll have vital feedback on the attorney’s “bedside manner”. This will help you sort through a list of names and make a more effective decision.

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Determine the Attorney’s Experience with Special Education Law

Special education law is a complex mix of state and federal regulations that is constantly changing. A special education attorney must be well versed in the most recent legal changes to best represent your child in disputes with schools and districts.

The legal teams representing the schools and districts understand the legal environment very well. You’ll want to ensure that a special education attorney you select is similarly prepared.

Additionally, an attorney who specializes in special education law will be able to determine the strength of your case and advise you whether to proceed or not. Working with an attorney is an expensive endeavor and you want to ensure that the money spent will lead to the best results for your child.

Make Sure the Attorney Understands Your Child’s Disability

An attorney that has represented children during the IEP development process or with a related dispute will likely provide the best service because they have experience. Again, the special education laws are complex. Working with a professional who best understands your child’s disability is most effective, as they have a better understanding of which services will be most beneficial.

Ensure that your money is spent with a professional who is well versed in the special education law so that you don’t waste precious time with mistakes or ineffective representation. The legal process can be slow. Work with a special education attorney with the requisite experience to resolve any issues that arise the first time.

How A Special Needs Lawyer Can Help Your Child

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While all parents worry about their kids, parents of children with special needs have very particular concerns that might benefit from hiring a special needs lawyer. A special needs lawyer can help your family in multiple ways, so here are three main reasons to hire a special needs lawyer for your child:

Financial Planning With a Special Needs Lawyer

Providing the best for your special needs child often involves financial planning and ensuring they will be able to afford everything they might need currently and into the future. A special needs lawyer can help with ensuring that your child is being provided with all the best financial opportunities and options. Special needs lawyers often work closely with financial advisors that specialize in special needs cases and can often refer you to these experts.

There are many different financial benefits that might be available for your special needs child, but finding those resources and applying for those benefits can be overwhelming. Although there are government benefits for your child, you want to make sure they have supplemental assets for emergency situations and for added financial security in the future.

A key financial benefit to have for your child’s future is a trust. A special needs lawyer can help your family go through the process, making it stress free and well-organized.

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Setting Up A Trust

There are many different types of trusts that can be used to make sure funding for your special needs child’s life is secure. A special needs trust can not only organize and manage resources for your child, it also helps maintain your child’s eligibility for public assistance benefits.

There are some rules and regulations that come with setting up this specialized type of trust, so hiring a special needs lawyer can make sure that you are following the regulations of the trust agreement. A special needs lawyer can help you decide whether it would be best to have the trust built within your will or in an inter vivos trust agreement. A special needs trust must also have a trustee to help manage the trust assets and a special needs lawyer can help you make this critical decision.

Special Education Advocate

Proper education for their children is a concern for all parents, but parents of special needs children need to make sure they are providing their child with the resources that can help them in school. When it comes to education, a special needs lawyer can be helpful to act as an advocate for your special needs child. They can assist you with the individualized education program (IEP) process and act as a negotiator or representative for you and your child if any issues at school should arise.

Working with a special needs lawyer for the various needs of your special needs child can help you establish financial and educational benefits that can benefit your family in the long run. A special needs lawyer can help keep all the financial benefits you have set up for your child organized and updated. They can also help make sure that your child is being fully represented at their school and receiving the best educational opportunities.

Do You Need a Special Needs Advocate?

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A Special Needs Advocate is one of the most powerful supporters you can have when you’re dealing with the tangle of organizations, regulations, and documents that can affect children who need extra help. Do you actually need a special needs advocate, though? If you answer “Yes” to any of the following, then it’s probably time to make the call.

1. You’re Too Busy To Handle Everything Yourself

This is one of the most common issues parents have. Many are already working full-time jobs, and just being able to schedule a meeting with the school is often harder than it should be. If your schedule doesn’t allow you to give your child’s education the attention it deserves, then don’t try to do everything yourself. Advocates can help you understand the information provided, make decisions, and ultimately ensure that your child gets everything they should.

2.Your Emotions Are Distracting

We all care deeply for our children, but the truth is that an emotionally-charged atmosphere is not good for ensuring that children get help and support. Whether you’re worried about your child’s future, angry at what you see as failures on the school’s part, or just feeling stressed because of how many roles you’re juggling, a Special Needs Advocate can help take emotion out of the issue and focus on what needs to be done.

3. You Don’t Know Your Rights

The law requires schools to do many things for children in Special Education, but some schools are reluctant to provide certain services. Many schools will simply say, “We can’t do that” when they just don’t want to do it. Your child should never suffer because of a school’s refusal to follow the law. Special Needs Advocates are trained to understand the law and can ensure that your child’s school does everything it’s supposed to.

4. You Want Help Reviewing The IEP

Discussions with staff members are not a binding contract. In fact, in many cases, schools are only required to offer the services and support that are included on a child’s Individualized Education Plan (IEP). A Special Needs Advocate can review this document with you and ensure that your child will receive everything you expect them to receive.

5. Your Child Isn’t Progressing As Well As You’d Like

If your child has been in the Special Education system for awhile, they should have made progress. Their IEP should recognize any barriers to learning and have a plan to deal with them. If your child isn’t making any meaningful progress, a Special Needs Advocate can help you understand why and find out the best way to fix this problem.

6. You Disagree With The School District’s Decisions

Many needed services are initially denied by schools, but you don’t have to accept their refusal to provide a service you believe your child needs. If you truly think they’re in the wrong, a Special Needs Advocate can help you investigate the matter and figure out what, if anything, can be done to resolve this situation.

Get More Information

The California Department of Education maintains a page about the Services and Resources for Special Education. You may wish to review this before any meeting with the school district. The CalEdFacts page is particularly important since it contains information on everything from public access to special programs and testing requirements.

The First Steps of Becoming a Special Needs Advocate

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In a perfect world, every child with special needs would get the help and support they needed without trouble. Unfortunately, in the real world, there are many times when school districts are reluctant to provide resources for children with special needs. The excuses they give can be ridiculous, too.

This is where Special Needs Advocates come in handy.

As a professional advocate for children, you’ll have the knowledge and experience to navigate the complexities of the educational system and ensure that children are given as much help as possible. Let’s take a brief look at what Special Needs Advocates actually do, then go through the first steps towards becoming one.

The Daily Life of a Special Needs Advocate

Special Needs Advocates spend their time on two primary tasks.

  • First, to do their job properly, they constantly study in order to understand the many laws, tests, services, products, and techniques that involve children with special needs. A well-trained advocate can immediately tell if a school is being honest when they say “we can’t do that”, or whether they’re just trying to avoid the burden of extra work.
  • Second, advocates attend meetings at schools in order to discuss the resources and plans for a child with special needs. These meetings often take place before the school day even begins when there are far fewer demands on the staff’s time, so the majority of advocates fall into an early-to-bed, early-to-rise sleeping schedule.
  • Third, advocates clarify things for parents and help explain the many documents that are handed out at IEP meetings. Understanding these documents is a key part of giving children the help and support they need.

How Can I Become A Special Needs Advocate?

The first step to becoming a Special Needs Advocate is to be educated about relevant laws and working with children who have special needs. There are no special certifications or requirements necessary to serve as an advocate. You do not have to be a legal professional, you do not need to have a degree in teaching, and you don’t even have to have past experience. It helps if you’re already at least a little familiar with how the special education system works, and this is a good place to start independent studies.

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However, if you plan to make a career out of advocacy, it’s important to have as much formal training as you can get. Take a look around, and consider contacting a local special needs law firm for advice. They can likely point you to the best classes in your area. You may even end up working with them once your career begins.

Next, get some professional training in controlling your emotions. A passionate desire to help children is an asset, but if you get too invested in your emotions during meetings with kids who truly need help, you won’t be able to represent them as effectively. Being able to maintain a professional distance from the situation will ultimately help them more, and that’s your goal as a Special Needs Advocate.

Finally, join a local Special Needs Advocacy Group. This will connect you with other professionals in your field, help you with your search for a job, and help you access a variety of resources that will come in handy over the next few years.

Once you’ve completed these steps, you’ll be ready to start seriously pursuing your career as a Special Needs Advocate!

Childrens’ Special Needs Advocacy Groups In California

Children with special needs, their families and friends, face many obstacles beyond their specific disorder, disability, medical and/or physical challenges. Luckily, there is support available for their unique and individual struggles through the form of advocacy groups.

While parents are the most important advocates for their special needs children, there is still plenty of help available in California, here are just a few of the many:

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TASK (Team of Advocates for Special Kids) is based in Southern California with six locations from Anaheim to Riverside and all across the Greater Los Angeles area. Initially their primary focus was serving those age three to twenty-one, but they have expanded to include those from birth up to age twenty-six.

In addition to a wealth of connections to special resources, events calendar, technical assistance, articles and newsletters, TASK also has a video page that highlights, amongst other things, a touching piece from a young woman suffering from Aphasia, who offers tips on how to communicate with people who have speech disorders.

Parents Helping Parents (PHP) is located in the San Francisco Bay Area, specifically in San Jose, but services all of the region. Complete with a library on location, their downtown office is conveniently located right off Interstate 280 and is a unique resource for disability-specific conditions.

On their website, you’ll find a vast listing of services available all across the Bay Area, which provides searchable returns according to topic, location, keywords, services and different conditions. They also offer an events calendar, a special education section with even more resources and link to special interest groups.

UCLA, University of California Los Angeles, has an Education Advocacy Service through their Civil Rights Project on their website under Resources and Community Tools. Here they offer an extensive list of agencies in the Greater Los Angeles area that provide a variety of services for children with special needs.

They ask parents to have their child’s latest report card and IEP  (Individualized Education Plan) available before contacting agencies that provide assistance with:

  • Assessments and educational planning
  • Healthcare and benefits
  • Mental health issues, problems and concerns
  • Disability rights
  • Parent resource network

Most of these programs are designed and geared towards those families with low incomes.

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Advocacy Associates, Inc. is a private company that assists those in San Diego and San Bernardino as a paid, active advocate for your child’s educational assessment, planning and placement. They are available for:

  • Special needs assessment and review
  • Classroom observations and consultants with staff
  • Consultation and coordination of services with agencies
  • Attendance at school and regional meetings
  • Review of IEP’s and 504 plans
  • Development of plans and strategies to improve learning

While this type of aggressive approach may not be affordable, they do have an excellent resource page with associative FAQ’s available on their website.

The California Special Needs Law Group (CSNLG) is based in Costa Mesa, but they offer their legal assistance specific to those with special needs all across the State of California. Since they specialize in this practice, they are very well-versed in IEP’s advocate for special needs education and appropriate legal advice. Their mission is guided by three, important principles that the maintain:

  1. Providing excellent legal services
  2. Building solid and trusting relationships with their clients and children
  3. Providing affordable and cost effective legal counseling and representation.

Their primary focus is on providing children with the FAPE (Free Appropriate Public Education) that the deserve from their LEA (Local Educational Agency).

Steps to Consider before Contacting a Special Education Attorney

Steps to Consider Before Contacting a Special Education Attorney

Having a child with special needs can be trying, but as a parent, you likely believe that your child’s school is doing what they can to help. Unfortunately, there are times when a school just doesn’t pull its weight when it comes toeducating special needs children.

When it becomes apparent that your child isn’t receiving the experience that they need, it may be time to consult with a special education attorney; the only question is: when is enough enough? Going through the process of interviewing and–eventually–hiring the candidate right for your situation can seem like a daunting task, but it’s vital to the effectiveness of your choices to keep in mind just what a special education attorney can do. They can be equal parts friend, mentor, advisor, and bodyguardI. n the end, they stand with you and your family.

Before you hire a special education attorney, use these tips to try and help your child get the education they deserve.

Image Courtesy of Flickr

Image Courtesy of Flickr

Talk to Your Child

Before you do anything, it’s important to talk to your child whenever possible about conditions at school. In some cases you may be able to work with your children to simply change their situation or understand more about what’s going on.

Of course this may not work with all children in special needs classes, but if you can have an open dialogue with your child about their education you should attempt to do so. Some problems – ones your child definitely cannot resolve even with your help – don’t require this step.

Speak with Your Child’s Teacher

Problems at school for your child often begin in the classroom. While many special education teachers do everything they can to help students, they do make mistakes and there may be times when they are not aware of your child’s particular learning difficulties.

Taking time to talk with your child’s teacher may help clarify a problem, and see that it gets special attention in the classroom. You’ll need to set a meeting with your teacher and request progress reports in the future to make sure changes have been implemented, especially if you feel your child wasn’t getting proper attention before.

Work with School Administrators

Serious problems with your child’s education may not need the help of a teacher and there may not be anything that they can do. Examples include overcrowded classrooms, or simply poor instructors who aren’t working properly with your child or other children in class.

When this happens you’ll want to go right to your child’s school’s administrator. Explain your problems and let them know that if they aren’t resolved in a timely fashion that you will have to move your child and discuss your issues with the school board.

Image Courtesy of Flickr

Contact the School Board

Contacting the school board should generally be your last resort to correct a situation in your child’s school. These types of meetings should be reserved for major issues that even school administrators may not be able to work out – like teachers not showing up for classes orpoor treatment of students.

It may take some time to get a meeting with your child’s school board, so make sure you let them know you want one as soon as you are aware of a serious problem.

Inherently, school teachers and administrators desire to teach. They want to help children to see their full potential. In some cases, however, this isn’t the case. A special education attorney can help your special needs child get the education that they deserve using the world continuing education alliance. While most school administrators and teachers want to do a good job there are some bad eggs and just plain bad systems that need to be dealt with.

School Actions (or Inactions) That Can Cause Lawsuits

Most children spend the majority of their day in a public school setting, so there is an important responsibility  placed on schools for their role in the children’s lives. With a responsibility that nature, there is also a large possibility of disputes arising over a variety of situations, school actions which if handled poorly can lead to lawsuits and big Pharma class actions filed against the school district.

Bullying and Harassment

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In the case of bullying and harassment, is is inaction, or failure to prevent or stop the bullying, for which school districts are most often sued. Each state has different laws regarding what school districts are required to do or not do, there are several things every school should do that will increase the safety and wellbeing of its students, as well as prevent potential lawsuits.

These steps include:

Assessing Bullying in the School

Find out when, where and how often bullying is occurring. This can be done through official surveys, asking general questions and performing subtle observations when students interact. Conduct this survey at least once a year, and ensure that respondents’ information will be kept private at all times.

Engaging the Community

Campaign in the community to increase awareness of what bullying is and how to end it. Parents should be treated as partners in the process of helping students feel safe at school.

Establish a Safe School Environment

Nurture a culture of tolerance and acceptance in all aspects of the school, from teachers’ meetings to the PTA to students’ group projects. Draw up a list of rules for treatment of others in the school that must be followed by everyone at all times. Monitor areas where bullying often occurs, and enlist school staff in keeping an eye on student interactions.

Discrimination

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Lawsuits are also filed against schools for discrimination, especially in regards to students in special education programs. Discrimination can occur in many areas- admissions, grading, class placement and personal instruction, among others. Because it covers such a wide span of potential issues,  it highlights the importance of school districts treating each student equally, and providing extra help to those who require it.

Retaliation

School districts can also be sued for retaliation, as in the case of Pamella Settlegoode v. Portland Public Schools. Ms. Settlegoode was a physical education teacher who was struck by the inequalities in services for her students with disabilities. After advocating for these students, the school retaliated by firing her and blackballing her from gaining employment at any other area school. After the difficult trial, she was awarded one million dollars.

Interference with Right

Interference with a student’s constitutional rights are also grounds for a lawsuit against a school district. Whether a student’s rights have been violated is determined by what is called the “Tinker test,” after the landmark case, Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District. In this case, the court ruled that the first amendment applied to public schools, and that the school could not restrict students’ free speech unless it was proven to be disruptive to education. The Tinker test is now applied in all instances in which a school district is accused of limiting free speech.

To learn more about school districts and legal proceedings, take a look at the cases mentioned. For school districts to avoid being involved in lawsuits, they must take exacting steps to ensure each student and staff member feels safe, receives the best education possible (if a student), is not targeted in any way by the school, and is not deprived of any constitutional rights.

If you would like to get more information on these topics and more come to the Special Education Laws Made Simple Seminar Monday, May 19th in Orange, CA!

Due Process Procedure and Overview In California

Your child’s education is rightly very important to you, so if ever any issues arise between you and the school, it’s important you know that there are special procedures in place for resolving disputes: mediation and due process hearings.

 

An initial response to a dispute is often mediation, where you and a school representative will meet with a neutral third party to discuss the issue. The mediator has no authority to impose a decision, and is there only to facilitate discussion in order to help you and the school reach an acceptable compromise. If you are not satisfied by the results of mediation, you may proceed to a due process hearing. If you are not interested in mediation at all, you may go directly to the due process hearing.

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Every person in California is guaranteed due process by the state and federal Constitutions. Due process protects individuals’ rights, and in this case, specifically the rights of students in special education programs.

 

What is a Due Process Hearing?

 

It is an official, legal procedure meant to resolve differences between parents and their child’s school as concerns special education services and a free and appropriate public education. They are most often held over disagreements about a child’s evaluation, eligibility or placement, services such as aides and specialists, changes to a child’s IEP, or a child’s suspension. Both the parent and the school district have the right to file for a hearing. The party who files is responsible for proving whether the child’s rights are being respected.

 

How to Request a Due Process Hearing

 

Send a written request, called a Due Process Complaint, to the state and the school district. This must be filed within two years after you are aware of the issue. It must include:

  • Child’s name, address and school
  • Parental contact information
  • Description of the reason for requesting a hearing as relates to the child’s education
  • Proposed solution to the problem

It can also include the sections of federal and state codes that you believe have been violated.

 

You may increase your chance of success by hiring a lawyer or special education advocate, though legal costs can add up very quickly. The school district is not required to pay your legal fees.

 

However, filing a Due Process Complaint can incur fees and added stress, so it is wise to only go this route if absolutely necessary. You should always try every available opportunity for mediation and collaboration with the school district before resorting to filing for a due process hearing.

 

During the Due Process Procedure

 

After filing a Due Process Complaint, the student has the right to stay in his or her current placement and use the current IEP.

 

Since this can be a very stressful time, do all you can to stay organized and informed of the events. Be able to clearly define the school’s position and reasoning, as well as your concerns and proposed resolutions so as to hopefully avoid becoming overly emotional in the hearing. Most importantly, rather than getting caught up in the red tape, remember why you’re doing it- to help your child get the best education possible.

 

Timeline of the Procedure

 

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After the parent files a request for a due process hearing

Within 10 days: the school must offer a resolution meeting or agree to proceed with the hearing.

Within 15 days: the school district must notify if it is challenging the complaint’s sufficiency, offer a resolution meeting, or agree to go forward with the hearing.

Within 75 days: the Office of Administrative Hearings decision must issue a decision.

 

If mediation is requested, this will occur approximately 35 days after the filing date. The due process hearing will usually be held about 55 days after the request is filed, and a prehearing conference will be scheduled one week earlier.

 

The Office of Administrative Hearings must issue a final decision within 45 days of the Due Process Hearing.

 

More Information
More guidance on preparing for and completing the Due Process Hearing is available from California’s Office of Administrative Hearings.

 

If you would like to get more information on these topics and more come to the Special Education Laws Made Simple Seminar Monday, May 19th in Orange, CA!

Less Restrictive Environment, Mainstreaming and Inclusion; What Are The Major Differences and Benefits

LRE, mainstreaming and inclusion are essential terms to know when working with a student in special education programs. These elements of students’ IEPs will determine how they spend their time at school, how they receive services and how they function within the school’s community, among many other things.

What is LRE?

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LRE stands for Least Restrictive Environment, and it refers to the situation that will allow a special education student to receive the education most suited to his or her needs, while spending the most amount of time possible learning alongside their peers without disabilities. LRE dictates that separate classes should only be held for special education students if nature or severity of their disabilities preclude satisfactory education from occurring in a regular classroom.

LRE recognizes that for a child with disabilities to be educated appropriately in a regular educational environment, additional services and aids may be necessary, and indeed, can play a pivotal role in the child’s development. The addition of these resources is nearly always preferable to educating the child in a separate setting.

LRE guidelines also state that education for the child with special needs is to be “achieved satisfactorily.” This language is not vague with the intention of permitting these students to receive subpar education; on the contrary, it allows each child’s IEP team to determine what constitutes satisfactory results for the student.

These standards benefit special education students by allowing them to learn with their peers in a cohesive environment, rather than learning in a separate space that distances them from their fellow students.

What is mainstreaming?

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Mainstreaming is the term used to describe integrating students with disabilities into regular learning environments. Mainstreamed students have high potential for success, but it is vital that they receive support personalized for their needs by their IEP team. It is bringing special education services to the child rather than removing the child from the regular classroom.

Benefits of mainstreaming often include higher academic success, increased self-esteem and more astute social skills.

What is inclusion?

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Inclusion is the process of mainstreaming a student to comply with LRE. For students with disabilities, advantages to this process are the opportunity to form friendships with their peers from whom they would have been separated if educated in a separate classroom. It allows students with disabilities to interact with non-disabled students to the benefit of all; they will all learn how to work together, gaining invaluable skills for the future. Students taught in a classroom with inclusion will learn to be more accepting and respectful of people from different backgrounds.

Additionally, families of students with disabilities will be able to integrate more easily into the community of the school, creating those relationships between parents that lead to friendships between children and more opportunities for socializing.

Who decides where the child is placed?

The decision for where the child will be educated is up to his or her IEP team, of which the child should also be a part, when they have reached a suitable level of maturity.  The IEP team will consider the student’s academic and social history, goals and specific needs.

Placement can be changed whenever it is decided that the current situation is not beneficial to the student, or can be improved in any way.

Why are these terms important?

With LRE guidelines, mainstreaming and inclusion, special education students are poised to receive the most effective and appropriate education possible. Everyone involved in a student’s IEP team should be knowledgeable of the processes and advantages involved in LRE.

If you would like to get more information on these topics and more come to the Special Education Laws Made Simple Seminar Monday, May 19th in Orange, CA!

The Process of IEP’s: Pointers, Tips, and Facts

Do you think all children should receive the same education, regardless of individual strengths and weaknesses?

Probably not, and thankfully neither does the US Congress. In fact, it’s required to compose an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for every student in a special education course to ensure they are learning in the way that is most effective for them. IEPs serve an important purpose, so let’s take a look at how to make them most beneficial.

Team Meetings: Who, What, When, Why, and How to Make Them Successful
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Who should be on a child’s IEP team?

  • A school district representative
  • The child’s regular education teacher, if he or she has one
  • The child’s special education teacher or provider
  • Parent or guardian of the child
  • The child!

The team meeting is held within 30 days of the decision that the child will be provided special education, and is an essential step in creating an effective IEP! Not only is it required before special education services will begin, it’s also where the student’s goals will be outlined, and where the services provided by the school district will be defined.

Parent Participation

No one knows the child better than the parents. Their knowledge and input is indispensable at this stage. Parents who are informed and involved both at school and home can make all the difference.

Process and Components

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The school will set times for team meetings, during which the child’s IEP team will work together to create the IEP and organize its implementation. It’s important to have high expectations for the student and to establish achievable goals. Make sure the frequency of services is sufficient for the student to reach the goals, too!

What should be included in the IEP?

  • The child’s current level of achievement
  • Annual goals for the child
  • The special education services to be provided for the child
  • How much of the day the child will be in special education
  • How required assessments will be administered
  • Where and how often services will be provided, and for how long
  • How the child’s progress toward annual goals will be measured

 

IEP Implementation

This should occur as soon as possible after the team meeting! Follow up meetings can be scheduled for periodic checkups to ensure the IEP is serving its purpose, and to amend it if necessary.

Amending IEPs

Another meeting is not required in order to amend the IEP. The school and the child’s parents can draw up a written amendment, and all members of the committee must be informed of the changes.

Transition Requirements

Sweet 16! When the student reaches this age, it’s time to start making plans for life post-school. Whether that involves college, employment, independent living, or other options, this is a vital period for prevention of the student dropping out of high school, and also for setting up a successful future. Some transition services that can be included are instruction, vocational training, and life skills practice.

Extended School Year (ESY)

ESY programs are additional services provided outside the school day, be it in the hours after school or days during school breaks, such as summer vacation. The student’s need and eligibility for ESY will be determined by the IEP team, preferably during the initial IEP team meeting.

These programs are not necessarily a continuation of the special education programs, and are often focused on subjects such as reading instruction or speech therapy.

State laws vary regarding ESY programs, so make sure to learn the specifics for your area.

That’s a lot to know!

IEPs can be an overwhelming prospect, but remember that it won’t be set in stone, and can be changed as the child’s needs change, or even as the IEP team gains more knowledge. With a bit of work can be one of the most effective tools for the student’ s education. After all, its purpose is to help the child succeed, and that’s a cause everyone can support.

If you would like to get more information on these topics and more come to the Special Education Laws Made Simple Seminar Monday, May 19th in Orange, CA!